What is Nail Fungus?
Nail fungus is among the most common nail diseases and begins with a change in nail color. As the infection progresses, nail thickening and other findings accompany. Fungal infection can be seen on both fingernails and toenails, as well as spread to all nails. Fungal disease seen with the skin of the feet is called “Athlete’s Foot”.
What are the Symptoms of Nail Fungus?
Broken nails, deformity and dullness are among the symptoms seen. Separation and discoloration of the nail may occur.
Causes of Nail Fungus
Fungus is an infection caused by microscopic microorganisms that do not need sunlight. Humid and hot environments, pools and showers create grounds for fungal infection.
What Are The Risk Factors For Nail Fungus Formation?
- Excessive sweating
- Working in wet environment
- Closed shoes and socks
- Living in the same environment with someone with nail fungus
- Walking bare feet in public areas
- Factors such as diabetes and circulatory disorders facilitate it.
What are the damages of nail fungus?
Advanced stage fungal infections can result in pain and permanent nail damage.
How Is Nail Fungus Diagnosed?
- Your dermatologist will determine the differential diagnosis after the examination.
- Many diseases such as psoriasis and structural nail disorders can mimic nail fungus.
- Direct microscopy and fungal culture for diagnosis; If there is any doubt about the diagnosis, biopsy can be performed.
Which Methods Are Used in the Treatment of Nail Fungus?
Oral medications, local creams and polishes and laser nail fungus treatment methods developed in recent years are among the methods.
Oral antifungal medications: Usually ingredients such as terbinafine and itrakanazole are used. The new nail that grows will grow without infection. Oral anti-fungal drugs may need to be used for 3-6 months. Liver function tests should be checked from time to time during use.
How To Avoid Toenail Fungus Infection?
- Nails should be kept short and dry
- Socks that absorb sweat should be worn.
- Breathable shoes should be preferred
- Old shoes should not be used long
- Care should be taken that the skin around the nail is not traumatized and should not be cut.
- The use of nail polish and polish on nails should be limited.