Hair Loss Treatment in Women
Approximately 50% of women who have reached the age of sixty have some degree of hair loss. Since the diagnosis and treatment of hair loss in women is complex and depends on various factors, dermatologists require special expertise. Treatment varies depending on the cause. Before treatment, the cause of hair loss should be fully understood in female patients. Spills due to different reasons may show similar clinical features. Methods such as blood tests, Digital Dermatoscopy, Trichoscopy, Tricoscan are used for diagnosis. In some cases, a biopsy may be required to make a definitive diagnosis.
Although the treatment plan varies from patient to patient, the following treatments can be used alone or in combination.
Causes of hair loss in women
- Hair loss due to genetic reasons (FPHL: Female pattern hair loss AGA: Androgenetic hair loss)
- Excessive weight gain and weight gain
- Previous surgeries
- Hormone disorders
- Lack of vitamins and minerals
- Autoimmune diseases
- Alopecia areata or universalis
- Skin diseases
- Psychological reasons
- General body cancers
- Hair style; methods such as dyes, bleaching, smoothing
- Chronically used drugs: Cholesterol lowers, Blood pressure medications, glaucoma medications, blood thinners, thyroid disorder medications
- Radiotherapy and chemotherapeutics used in cancer treatment
- Hair loss due to hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating of the scalp
- Hair loss due to scalp infections
Methods used in the treatment of hair loss in women
Androgenetic alopecia treatment (FPHL: Female pattern hair loss)
Describes genetic hair loss in women.
Those applied in the treatment of hair loss due to genetic reasons in women
Minoxidil 2% solution
It is approved for hair loss treatment in women. It is used twice a day and the effect begins to be seen after 3 months.
It is approved for hair loss treatment in women. It is applied every day or 3 times a week for 5-20 minutes.
It can be used in the treatment of hair loss in women with antiandrogen therapies in patients with high androgen or associated clinical findings.
It is less preferred in women than men. The hair density on the back of the head called donor should be good.
Autologous micrograft method
It is the process of separating the 2 mm hair grafts taken from the scalp into micro pieces with a special method and giving them back to the skin as suspension. Its effect begins to be seen 2-3 months after the procedure. It is sufficient to do it as a single session.
It is made by stimulating the scalp that has been exposed to hair loss at a depth of 1-2 mm depending on the thickness. An average of 4-6 sessions are required.
It includes the injection of minoxidil and DHT blockers. Usually, added vitamins and other ingredients are useless. Minoxidil and DHT blockers can also be given with lokla home applications. Injection of mesotherapy may be risky in terms of triggering various skin diseases. Unfortunately, publications showing that mesotherapy is effective and safe in hair loss are not sufficient.
It involves the re-injection of the factors accumulated from the patient’s blood into the scalp. A standard was not established on the frequency of administration and the amount of factors in the prepared suspension. More scientific studies are needed. It can be considered as a treatment alternative in selected patients.
Other personalized treatment methods
Treatment contents and plan can be customized according to the patient’s condition. It is determined according to the history of hair loss and Laboratory test results and Digital hair examination results.
Treatment of non-AGA hair loss
It depends entirely on the cause. They are divided into 3 groups as those due to diseases of the hair follicles, those due to systemic diseases and those due to skin diseases. Treatment is applied according to the type and condition of the disease.
Cosmetic treatment of hair loss in women
The treatment process varies depending on the diagnosis. It should generally be considered at least three months. Whether the treatment is effective or not can be followed by digital trichoscopic methods. Definitive diagnosis and effective treatment can only be done by experienced dermatologists. The treatment should be planned individually, taking into account all factors such as the age of the patient, the cause of the hair loss, the general medical condition of the patient and the treatment that can adapt.