- Hair Diseases Diagnosis Unit
Hair Diseases Diagnosis Unit
Hair Diseases Diagnosis Unit
Hair diseases are complex disorders and may develop due to more than one factor. Hair loss is a distressing condition for patients and affects men and women of all ages.
Technologies have been used more and more for diagnosis in recent years.
Most Common Causes of Hair Diseases or Hair Loss
- Male pattern genetic hair loss (AGA),
- Female pattern genetic hair loss (FAGA),
- Tellogen effluvium,
- Alopecia areata,
- Hair breakage and structural hair disorders,
- Hair loss due to skin diseases (primary cicatricial alopecia such as lichen pilanopilaris, discoid lupus, folliculitis decalvans), fungal diseases.
What are the Diagnosis and Evaluation Methods of Hair Diseases?
As in all diseases, the patient’s history, examination and blood tests are the most important methods in diagnosis and evaluation in hair diseases. In addition, the diagnosis of hair loss can be made stronger with the following methods.
Hair Diseases Diagnosis Unit Applied Methods
Noninvasive Methods Used in the Diagnosis of Hair Loss
- Photofinder / Trikovision: Used in the diagnosis and follow-up of hair diseases digitally microscopically. It is a technological system used in the diagnosis and follow-up of hair loss with a magnification of up to 70 times, 1000 HD image quality and the stage of the hair, supported by a special software. After macro and micro photographs are taken, 1 cm2 shaved area is painted and recorded, the patient is pictured in the clinic after 48-72 hours and Anagen / Telogen ratios are calculated. For complex situations, existing records are shared on the internet with Tricolab Germany address, allowing for further investigation to be requested.
- Calculation of daily hair loss: Generally, averages are taken for a certain period of time. Expected shampoo washing days are longer than others.
- Standard washing test: It is the process of washing the hair for a certain period of time and collecting it in a gauze pad and counting them according to their length. It is especially used in the differential diagnosis of genetic hair loss in female patients.
- Pull test: Also called pull test.
- Patient follow-up with standard photo
- Measuring hair weight
- Tricogram / Hair pluck test: It is the process of pulling 60-80 hair holes and examining them under a microscope. The stage of hair loss is shown under a microscope.
Hair check with hair check: It includes learning the reduction by measuring a certain amount of hair in a certain area and following the treatment and recovery. It is done every 3 months. It allows us to objectively follow the improvement or deterioration of the patient who is followed up due to hair loss.
- Dermatoscopic examination: It includes examination of hair follicles and scalp with dermatoscope. Digital ones do the calculation automatically.
- Microscope and Electron microscope examination: It is used in the diagnosis of hair structural disorders, diseases affecting the hair shaft and congenital hair diseases.
- Examination of the hair structure under the microscope: It is used in the diagnosis of hair structural disorders, diseases affecting the hair shaft and congenital hair diseases. In addition, it is used in the diagnosis of fungal diseases by preparing a native preparation with KOH 10% in its diagnosis.
Searching for mushrooms: Looking for mushrooms by preparing a native preparation with KOH 10%
- Phototrichogram: It is a test that measures hair density, hair thickness and hair growth.
Invasive Methods Used in the Diagnosis of Hair Loss
- Skin Biopsy: It includes the diagnosis of skin biopsy taken from the diseased area by examining pathologically. A tissue with a diameter of 4-5 mm will usually be sufficient. It is preferred as punch biopsy. It is usually sent as 2 separate section pieces.
- Laboratory tests: It is in the form of investigating hormone, mineral, vitamin and other blood values with blood tests.
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